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U.S. Patents 7,122,148

Cooling water scale and corrosion inhibition

US Patent Issued on October 17, 2006




No. 11018170 filed on 2004-12-21


Attorney, Agent or Firm




A methods of the present invention for inhibiting silica scale formation and corrosion in aqueous systems where soluble silica residuals (SiO2) are maintained in excess of 200 mg/L, and source water silica deposition is inhibited with silica accumulations as high as 4000 mg/L (cycled accumulation) from evaporation and concentration of source water. The methods of the present invention also provides inhibition of corrosion for carbon steel at corrosion rates of less than 0.3 mpy (mils per year), and less than 0.1 mpy for copper, copper alloy, and stainless steel alloys in highly concentrated (high dissolved solids) waters. The methods of the present invention comprise pretreatment removal of hardness ions from the makeup source water, maintenance of electrical conductivity, and elevating the pH level of the aqueous environment. Thereafter, specified water chemistry residual ranges are maintained in the aqueous system to achieve inhibition of scale and corrosion.

Other References
  • The NALCO Water Handbook; 1979; Chapter 3, p. 14 and 16.
  • Drew; Principles of Industrial Water Treatment; Sixth Edition; 1983; Chapter 3, pp. 43 and 64.
  • Boffardi, Bennett P., PhD; Calgon Internal Publication; 1988; Chapter 4; pp. 30-31.
  • Rozenfeld, I.L.; Corrosion Inhibitors; 1981; McGraw Hill; 171-174.
  • Strumm, et al.; Formation of Polysilicates as Determined by Coagulation Effects Environmental Science and Technology; 1967; Vo. 1, 221-227.

Current US Class

422/3 , Process control in response to analysis 159/47.1 , PROCESSES 203/10 , WATER PURIFICATION ONLY 210/652 , 210/687 , Calcium or magnesium (e.g., hardness, water softening, etc.) 210/696 , Preventing, decreasing, or delaying precipitation, coagulation or flocculation 422/13 , 422/14

US Patent References

    Silica scale inhibition
    Issued on: January 11, 1994
    Inventor: Hann, et al.
    Blow system and a method of use therefor in controlling the quality of recycle cooling water in a cooling tower
    Issued on: April 4, 1995
    Inventor: Takahashi

WAM ZLD Presentation *.pdf



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